Philosophies are listed by individual scientists and philosophers, both in relation to physical theories -- the vertical axis — and their rough location, coded by colour, on the spectrum idealism, empiricism, realism, rationalism, and back to idealism. For suggestions and corrections, click here.

Click on each thumbnail to learn more


Discoveries are located at the time of discovery — the horizontal axis — and in relation to the theory in terms of which they were investigated —
the vertical axis. Help their authors to make these pages better

Click on each thumbnail to learn more